CAS No.: 73-24-5
Adenine is suitable for use:
• as a component of boron-deficient media to grow yeast in order to assess whether yeast growth is stimulated by boron
• as a food supplement for adult rats to investigate the effects of dietary adenine overload
• as a nucleic acid base supplement in the basal media used to grow anaerobic Bacillus mojavensis and Bacillus subtilis in a study to show that DNA or deoxyribonucleosides are required for the anaerobic growth of these bacteria
• as an additive to investigate the effects of adenine on CH4 production and on fermentation by ruminal batch cultures from nonlactating Holstein cows
• as a part of adenine diet in rats in a study to identify blood markers for early stages of adenine-induced chronic kidney disease (CKD)
Adenine is a purine nucleobase with a wide range of chemical and biochemical roles in vivo and in vitro. It is a regulatory molecule and a component of DNA, RNA, cofactors (NAD, FAD) and signaling molecules (cAMP). Adenine forms adenosine with ribose, which in turn forms AMP, ADP or ATP, depending on the extent of phosphorylation. ATP is involved in energy transfer during cellular metabolism.